Nashik (Deccan Plateau)
Nashik is famed as the wine capital of India. It is a busy bustling city with a population in excess of 1.5 million and is said to be the abode of Lord Rama during his 14 years in exile. The first wineries were developed in this region and today approximately 35,000 hectares of land is cultivated for wine production. The climate in the region is ‘hot tropical’ with the temperatures somewhat moderated by the altitude of 600m. Temperatures in the summer peak at about 42C dropping to minimums of 5C during the winter. Rainfall is moderate in the viticulture zones at about 500mm. The soils are volcanic in origin composed of continental flood basalt mixed with some clay which add their own character to the wine.
In the 18th century the summer palace of Tipu Sultan was situated here and during the 19th century it was a summer retreat for officials of the British Raj. The latest waves of visitors seeking to benefit from this cooler climate are undoubtedly the viticulturists. They are keen to find sites where wine grape varieties can ripen slowly and fully develop their constituent fruit flavours. The altitude in excess of 800m contributes greatly to this with the temperature ranging between 25-28C in the summer and 8-10C in the winter. Rainfall is heavier than that experienced in Nashik at 1000-1500mm.